Parcelling involves division of agricultural land or building plots for subsequent signing of sales deeds or transfer of ownership in general. The operation is performed through surveying of the reference points using GPS or total station instrumentation, drafting of reports and electronic sending to the Italian Inland Revenue Office (Agenzia delle Entrate) for final approval.
Following the construction or alteration of the profile of a building, land registry regulations require the land registry map to be updated with data collected at the site. This phase, too, requires an on-site survey (usually using total station or GPS), drafting of reports and electronic sending to the Italian Inland Revenue Office (Agenzia delle Entrate).
All alterations authorised by the competent municipal authority must be followed, upon completion of the work, by updating of the land registry plan (planimetria catastale).
Crop changes consist of updating of crops present on agricultural land. This operation is very important in the case of property sale, as cultivation affects the taxation upon exchange of contracts as well as the payment of ownership taxes.
Land registry transfers (volture catastali) permit updating of land registry ownership data on properties. They are drafted by a notary (notaio) in the event of a sale, but may also be drafted in the event of a Declaration of Succession (Dichiarazione di Successione), Cancellation of Usufruct (Riunione di Usufrutto) or simply for correction of incorrect information in the database.
Our surveys are conducted using total station and GPS instrumentation. This enables us to work in both small and extremely large areas with maximum precision.
These on-site surveys are then written up in the office with the option of providing the client with a hard copy or a two- or three-dimensional vector file and even superimposing the survey plan onto Google Earth maps.
The process of boundary identification involves carrying out the original process of boundary establishment (i.e. marking of the property boundaries on paper by surveying the situation on the ground) in reverse.
The task of the boundary identifier is to complete the opposite process by reproducing on the ground what is marked on paper, using plans, land registry map and any other elements useful in identifying the correct position of the boundaries.
In the past, this operation was conducted simply by measuring the distances on paper and reproducing these on the ground using poles and measuring tapes.
Today, our office uses total station and GPS for on-site surveying, together with programmes that correct map deformation and permit georeferencing, producing a clear reduction in deviation and a result that permits boundary implementation with minimal deviation.
Since the land surveying GPS cannot be used in wooded areas (as the satellite signal is too weak to permit sufficient precision), the GPS used for this type of survey is lower-precision but can be used even in dense vegetation.
Surveying of wooded areas is normally conducted for subsequent tree felling and therefore, unlike land surveying, does not require centimetric precision.
On completion of this operation, it is possible, in any case, after felling and removal of vegetation, to proceed with boundary modification as described in the previous paragraph.